The Lamborghini Group, About Lamborghini

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The Lamborghini Group, About Lamborghini

Audi, 2005 Anual Report, Press Conference

The Lamborghini Group, About Lamborghini
Lamborghini Gallardo
Lamborghini Gallardo SE
The new Lamborghini Murcielago LP640

Automobili Lamborghini Group

The Lamborghini Group

About Lamborghini

Automobili Lamborghini celebrated its fortieth anniversary in 2003. The sports car manufacturer founded in 1963 by Ferruccio Lamborghini, with its head office in Sant'Agata Bologne

The Lamborghini Group

Year of establishment: 1963

Ownership: Fully owned subsidiary of AUDI AG since 1998

Companies: The companies Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. (sports cars), Motori Marini Lamborghini S.p.A. (boat engines), Lamborghini ArtiMarca S.p.A. (licences and merchandising), AUTOGERMA S.p.A. (Italian general importer for the Audi, Seat, _koda, Volkswagen and Volkswagen Commercial Vehicle brands) operate under the umbrella of Automobili Lamborghini Holding S.p.A.

Sales revenues (2005): EUR 243 million (excluding AUTOGERMA)

Sports cars sales (2005): 1600 units

Employees (annual average 2005): 700 (excluding AUTOGERMA)

The 2005 business year
Automobili Lamborghini celebrated its fortieth anniversary in 2003. The sports car manufacturer founded in 1963 by Ferruccio Lamborghini, with its head office in Sant'Agata Bolognese, ended its anniversary year with record sales. In 2005, Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. sold 1600 sports cars (2004: 1592), thus setting a new sales record. Its revenue was EUR 243 million (as in 2004). The company had an average of 700 employees in 2005, including 125 people engaged in research and development activities. The biggest markets for Lamborghini sports cars are the USA (40 %), Germany (10 %), Italy and Japan (8 %) and Great Britain (5%).

The plant
• Sant'Agata Bolognese (BO), Italy
• Area: 100,000 m2
• Employees:700 in the annual average for 2005 (around 125 in Development)
• Production of: Murciélago, Gallardo, Murcièlago Roadster, Gallardo Spyder, engines and gearboxes
• Production in 2005: 1600 vehicles
• Manhours per unit: approx. 500 hours
• An investment programme of around EUR 150 million includes the development of the Murciélago , Gallardo, and Murcièlago Roadster the upgrading of the production facilities, a new development centre, a museum with showroom and a new office building

The Lamborghini Murciélago

True to the tradition of this world-famous company with the bull as its brand emblem (company founder Ferruccio Lamborghini was born under this sign of the zodiac), Lamborghini has again given the latest product in its distinguished product family the name of a bull. After a series of names taken from types of bull and terms borrowed from bull-fighting – Miura, Islero, Urraco, Jalpa and Espada – the new product has been named Murciélago. This is an unusual but appropriate name for the latest no-compromise sports car from the Lamborghini company.

The Lamborghini Murciélago is a two-seat sports coupé with two doors that, in the Lamborghini tradition, are pivoted at the front and swing upwards. The complete concept of this new model is typical of Lamborghini, with V12 mid-engine, the transmission mounted ahead of the engine, the differential behind it integrated into the engine block and permanent all-wheel drive with a central viscous coupling.

The Murciélago is powered by a 6,192 cc V12 engine. This has an all-aluminium block and is capable of complying without difficulty with even severe exhaust emission limits (EU3 in Europe, EPA, CARP and TIER1 in the USA, JAP in Japan). Its power output is 580 bhp (426 kW) at 7500/min and its maximum torque 650 Nm at 5400/min. This engine accelerates the Murciélago supersport model from 0 to 100 km/h in approx. 3.8 seconds and gives it a top speed of more than 330 km/h.

The new Murciélago's body is based on a high-strength steel lattice-tube framework, with a high proportion of honeycomb-structure load-bearing elements reinforced with carbon fibre. The sheet steel and carbon-fibre elements are bonded together or joined with steel rivets. The frame, with the load-bearing sheet-steel roof and carbon-fibre reinforced floor panel, has additional reinforcement in the form of ribbed steel sheets; these also have a load-bearing function.

The Lamborghini Murciélago Roadster

The Roadster is a continuation of the Italian tradition of open cars, particularly the cars that have made the Lamborghini name what it is today.

Confirming and strengthening the extreme, exclusive character of the Murciélago Coupé, the Roadster is the “icon” of the new Lamborghini era.

The design of the Murciélago Roadster is exclusive, aggressive and extreme. Whilst designing the Roadster, Luc Donckerwolke – the head of the Centro Stile at Lamborghini – did not settle for simply “cutting” the roof off the Coupé, but gave the open car an original look and a special feeling, a styling of its own, making the Murciélago Roadster absolutely unique.

The Murciélago Roadster was recently voted as the world's most beautiful supercar as part of the „The World's most Beautiful Automobile 2004“ awards. The decision was taken by an international jury comprising designers, car and art historians, and specialist journalists.

Based on the technology of the Murciélago Coupé, the Roadster version differs in several key features, such as new parts of the frame, in steel and carbon fibre, designed for additional torsional and flexural rigidity. Incorporated into the overall design philosophy, one of these features, the engine frame, is offered as an option in visible carbon fibre.

Without altering the extreme nature of the car, a soft top can be fitted. It is designed – as is the tradition for this type of vehicle – solely for temporary use (for example a sudden shower) and for speeds of up to 160 km/h (100 mph).

Special attention was nevertheless paid to safety. The Murciélago Roadster is fitted with a special automatic, electronic roll bar which is activated in a few milliseconds from the housing behind the seats in the event of an emergency (roll-over).

The dimensions are the same as for the Coupé. Only the height is different: the Murciélago Roadster is nearly 70 mm lower.

The engine is what a Lamborghini is all about: a 12 cylinder V60° of 6192 cc producing 580 HP (426KW) at 7500 rpm and maximum torque of 650 Nm at 5400 rpm with L.I.E. Lamborghini electronic control. The gearbox is the same as in the Coupé: a manual 6-speed. A robotized 6-speed e-gear system is also available as an option.

The Roadster, like all Lamborghinis, is equipped with permanent 4-wheel drive.

The top speed of the Murciélago Roadster, depending on aerodynamic configuration, is over 320 km/h (around 200 mph).

The Murciélago Roadster is the most extreme and exclusive product line. The interior has so-called asymmetrical open-worked leather upholstery (left-right split). The driver's area is a genuine “Pilot-Oriented Challenger“.

The Lamborghini Gallardo

For the first time in over a decade the Italian sports car manufacturer Lamborghini has a second model line in the programme for 2003. The new Lamborghini model with the name Gallardo (pronounced ga:jàrdo) will be presented in March next year at the Geneva Motor Show.

The new Lamborghini owes its name to a famous race of fighting bull that was reared from the 18th century onwards by Francisco Gallardo and later by Don Antonio Miura.

The new Lamborghini Gallardo is fully in keeping with the Lamborghini tradition as a sports car with a mid engine and four-wheel drive. The car is driven by a completely new Lamborghini V10 engine with a displacement of five litres and producing an impressive 500 horsepower - figures that guarantee an exceptional performance.

The transfer of power takes place via a 6-speed gearbox with traditional gearshift lever or via the new sequential "e-gear" with shift paddles at the steering wheel.

Production of the new Lamborghini V10 engine has already begun on the newly built assembly line in Lamborghini's own engine manufacturing plant at Sant'Agata Bolognese.

Both the new Lamborghini Gallardo and the Spyder version feature the 90° V-engine that is familiar from the Gallardo SE. Since the 2006 model year, the ten-cylinder engine has had a maximum power output of 520 bhp (382 kW) at 8,000 rpm from a displacement of 4,961 cm_. Developing over 100 bhp per litre of displacement, its specific output is of motor racing standards. Thanks to the use of aluminium for the engine block and cylinder head, it weighs an astonishingly light 250 kg.

With this basis, the Gallardo achieves a top speed of 315 km/h. It sprints from 0 to 100 km/h in a sizzling 4.0 s.

The ten-cylinder power unit achieves its peak torque of 510 Newton-metres at 5,500 rpm, and actually achieves 80 % of this peak figure at a mere 1,500 rpm. Its stroke is 92.8 millimetres and its bore 82.5 millimetres. The cylinder liners are made from a eutectic alloy. The cylinder heads have four valves per cylinder. They are controlled by two chain-drive overhead camshafts on each bank of cylinders. The ignition system features spark plugs with integral ignition coil.

To maintain an ample torque characteristic across the entire engine-speed range, the charge cycle is controlled by an intake manifold with modified geometry and continuously variable valve timing (at both the intake and exhaust ends). The variable geometry maintains an optimum fundamental characteristic in the gas dynamics at both low engine speeds (long intake path) and high engine speeds (short intake path). The variable valve control guarantees that the valves open and close at the optimum moment across the entire speed range. For instance, the intake valve closes sooner at low engine speeds and later at higher engine speeds in order to exploit the positive pressure pulse peaks at the intake valves.

Throttle control consists of a drive-by-wire system with two electronically controlled throttle valves. The exhaust system consists of two separate blocks with two “5 in 1” exhaust manifolds with by-pass system, to reduce the exhaust back pressure from 4,000 rpm. The result is an improvement in the performance figures and an extremely sporty engine sound. The Lamborghini Gallardo of course meets the stringent EURO 4 emission standards.

Driveline

To assure optimum traction in all circumstances, its engineers gave the Lamborghini Gallardo permanent four-wheel drive. It is based on Lamborghini's proven VT (Viscous Traction) system. This system regulates itself without the need for electronic control. The propulsive power is normally split 30:70 between the front and rear wheels. An automatic control circuit adapts the distribution of propulsive power in line with dynamic fluctuations, the weight distributions and the momentary coefficients of friction, on the basis of the selected characteristic of the viscous coupling. In the extreme, up to 100 percent of the propulsive power can thus be diverted to one set of wheels.

The Lamborghini Gallardo Coupé, like the Spyder and Gallardo SE, enjoys the advantages of a new six-speed gearbox with shorter ratios. In specific, 1st gear is 27 % shorter than on the original version, 2nd gear 13 % shorter, 3rd, 4th and 5th gears 6 % shorter and 6th gear 3.5 % shorter. This consequently made it possible to improve still further on its blistering acceleration.
By way of an optional extra, the Lamborghini Gallardo can be equipped with e-gear, an electronically controlled sequential gearshift system. This permits virtually jolt-free gearshifts at a speed that even an experienced driver would be unable to achieve. Depending on the operating mode selected, gearshifts take between 200 and 600 milliseconds.

There is an extensive range of extras available for the 2006 Gallardo, ranging from a rearview camera and a luggage set to sports suspension. Then there is the Privilegio customisation range that appeared at the end of 2005. This gives the customer the option of tailoring the interior in particular to their specific tastes and preferences.

Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder

Design

As with every Lamborghini, the design of the Gallardo Spyder adheres to the stylistic principles of purity, sportiness and clarity.
The designers at the Centro Stile Lamborghini have created an athletic body with the ideal dimensions of a sports car. Even at a standstill, the 4.30 m long, 1.90 m wide and almost 1.19 m high mid-engined sports car signals extreme performance. It is clear how the formal idiom has been inspired by modern aircraft construction. Edges and straight surfaces characterise its compact appearance.

The nose is characterised by the two striking air inlets and the large trapezoidal light units that accommodate efficient bi-xenon headlights. As on the Gallardo Coupé, the forward-positioned cockpit with its highly raked windscreen determines the dynamic silhouette. Echoes of the Coupé: the harmoniously flowing roof line of the hood when in the raised position. The tail end's short overhang likewise looks imposing. The overriding principle behind the design was to evoke an authentic Spyder experience. The designers achieved this above all by avoiding the use of visible rollover bars. Instead, the open-top Gallardo has a rollover protection device that is automatically extended in the event of an emergency, as well as a fully retractable rear window; neither of these two features interrupts the purist lines of the vehicle.

The designers and engineers constantly exchanged ideas and information throughout the development phase of the new Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder. It is thanks to this thorough integration of the design process into the technical development process that the Gallardo Spyder has acquired stylistic elements that always perform a specific function. At the same time, every technical function is also interpreted with an eye to aesthetics.

One impressive example is that the body has the shape of an inverted wing. It assures an optimum aerodynamic flow that on the one hand supplies ample intake air to the centrally installed ten-cylinder engine. On the other hand its shape provides negative lift at the rear wheels. This negative lift is reinforced by an electronically controlled rear spoiler that is extended at 120 km/h and retracted again at 90 km/h. All these measures result in exceptionally neutral handling.

The hood

The Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder has a fully automatic hood. This makes it especially straightforward and quick to operate. The soft top is opened and closed via two specific switches on the centre console. The opening and closing processes each take around 20 seconds. At launch, the soft top is available in black, but blue, grey and beige colour versions will be added over the next few months.

The fully automatic hood mechanism of the Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder consists of the following elements:

-An electronic control that is integrated into the vehicle's CAN-BUS network and governs the roof's
movement
- An electric pump
- The soft top
- The carbon fibre front lid that doubles up as the soft top's cover
- Six hydraulic cylinders (four to operate the soft top and two to operate the front lid)
- Two electric control elements (one to engage the catch at the front of the roof frame, and one to
release the front lid catch)
- An electric motor, to raise and lower the rear window

A service function makes it possible to position the roof such that the engine is accessible.

The rear window moves up or down and is automatically operated by the electronic control unit when the roof is opened or closed. When this automatically controlled movement is completed, the rear window is always extended, thus acting as a wind deflector. The driver can also retract the rear window by pressing the corresponding button on the instrument panel, even when the hood is raised.

Engine

The new Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder shares the same 90° V-engine as the 2006 Lamborghini Gallardo and Lamborghini Gallardo SE. The ten-cylinder engine develops a maximum power output of 520 bhp (382 kW) at 8,000 rpm from a displacement of 4,961 cm_.

The Gallardo Spyder is thus capable of a top speed of 314 km/h with its hood up, and 307 km/h with the roof open. It sprints from 0 to 100 km/h in a sizzling 4.3 s.

Driveline

The Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder, like the Gallardo and Gallardo SE Coupés, enjoys the advantages of a new six-speed gearbox with shorter ratios. In specific, 1st gear is 27 % shorter than on the original version, 2nd gear 13 % shorter, 3rd, 4th and 5th gears 6 % shorter and 6th gear 3.5 % shorter. This consequently made it possible to improve still further on its blistering acceleration.
By way of an optional extra, the Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder too can be equipped with e-gear, an electronically controlled sequential gearshift system.

Space frame and body

The body is notable for an optimum balance between weight and rigidity. Thanks to crash tests carried out during development, it achieves an outstanding degree of energy absorption in accident situations. It thus achieves an excellent torsional rigidity of more than 15,000 Nm/degree. To satisfy the particularly exacting requirements that apply in the case of an open-top car, the space frame of the Spyder version was reinforced around the sills and the A-posts. The front lid is made from a light, extremely torsionally rigid carbon fibre composite material.

Thanks to the lower weight of the space frame and aluminium body, an overall dry weight of just 1,570 km has been achieved. 42 percent of the Gallardo Spyder's weight rests on the front wheels, and 58 percent on the rear wheels.

Passive safety

The Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder exceeds all European and North American safety standards. Just as an example, the standard-fit two-stage front airbags for the driver and front passenger, which also satisfy the forthcoming "out-of-position" requirements. Also standard: head-thorax side airbags and impact protection in the doors.

Two automatically extended rollover bars mounted behind the seats have moreover been integrated into the airbag control system. In conjunction with the reinforced A-posts, they afford reliable protection for the occupants in the event of a rollover.

A sensor measures the speed of the change in angle about the longitudinal axis. If this value reaches a defined critical point, the system opens the electromagnetic catch on the rollover bars that are preloaded by means of a spring. The bars then shoot out of their rest position in just 250 milliseconds. The seat belts are simultaneously tensioned.

Equipment

As is to be expected of a super sports car in this category, the Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder has a comprehensive range of exclusive equipment items. Standard features include driver, front passenger and side airbags, ABS, ESP, two-zone automatic air conditioning with sun sensor, central locking with remote control, bi-xenon headlights, Autolock locking that automatically locks the doors at speeds of more than 15 km/h, electric windows, automatically adjusted exterior mirrors with automatic folding-in, and leather interior upholstery and trim.

The Lamborghini Multimedia System is also supplied as standard. It includes four speakers, an extensive radio reception system, a 6-disc CD changer and two sockets for MP3 memory cards.

The Lamborghini Gallardo Spyder becomes even more exclusive with optional extras. These include the automatically controlled manual gearbox e-gear, an anti-theft alarm, electrically adjustable, heated exterior mirrors, a navigation system and an on-board computer.

A rearview camera integrated into the rear spoiler permits controlled reversing into parking spaces with centimetre precision. It is activated by selecting reverse with the gear lever or can be switched on manually. The camera's sharp colour image appears on the LCD screen.

Self-levelling suspension for the front suspension takes the discomfort out of driving over bumpy road surfaces. A lifting system raises the level of the front suspension by 45 mm.

The Gallardo Spyder can be ordered in 14 different colours. These include colours that are exclusive to the Spyder: "Verde Pycus" and "Celeste Phoebe". At launch, the soft top is available in black, but blue, grey and beige colour versions will be added over the next few months. The interior leather upholstery can be ordered in the colours "Blu Scylla", "Nero Perseus" and "Marrone Janus", the latter exclusive to the Spyder. The seams are executed either in the same colour or in one of ten contrasting colours available. As options, the interior can also be supplied in Bicolour Elegant, Bicolour Sportive, leather/Alcantara or Unicolour Sportive.

The customisation range "Privilegio" offers even greater scope for transforming a Gallardo Spyder into a personalised, distinctive sports car. The car can for instance be supplied in a body colour entirely of the owner's choosing. For the interior, there are two leather packages that add to the scope of this sophisticated natural product. A carbon fibre package for items such as the air conditioning control panel, the gear lever console and the handbrake infuses this car with the spirit of the racetrack. There is further scope for customising the exterior with silver-coloured "Callisto" rims and titanium-coloured "Cassiopea" rims, brake callipers in yellow and silver and tinted rear windows and rear lights

Summary

Lamborghini – manufacturer of exceptional sports cars
Following several changes of ownership in the 1970s, AUDI AG of Ingolstadt acquired the entire share capital of the Italian sports car manufacturer Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. in July 1998. The legal form of the company is approximately equivalent to a limited liability company that issues shares, such as exists in Great Britain, an American joint-stock corporation or a German public limited company (AG), like AUDI AG itself.

Shortly after the acquisition Audi restructured the company, and Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. became Automobili Lamborghini Holding S.p.A.. Since November 1998 Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A. (sports cars), Motori Marini Lamborghini S.p.A. (powerboat engines), Lamborghini ArtiMarca S.p.A. (merchandising) and, since September 2000, AUTOGERMA S.p.A., the Italian importer for the Audi, Seat, _koda, Volkswagen and Volkswagen Commercial Vehicle brands, have existed as operating companies.

In the 2004 business year the general importer AUTOGERMA generated sales revenues of Euro 4.45 billion, employed a total of 724 people in the annual average and sold 241,299 vehicles of all Volkswagen Group brands. This Lamborghini subsidiary was established in 1951 in Italy. It has a network of over 2,000 dealers and service workshops, and a large parts store in Verona. The Chairman of the Board of Directors of AUTOGERMA is the Volkswagen Board Member Dr. Hans Dieter Pötsch.

The Automobili Lamborghini Holding company is controlled by a shareholders' meeting made up of members of the Audi Board of Management. The Board of Directors, similar to that in British companies, consists of managing members and members who are not involved in the management. The chairman is Dr. Martin Winterkorn. The CEOs of the holding are Wolfgang Rasper and Salvatore Cieri.

In 1963 Ferruccio Lamborghini established the company Ferruccio Lamborghini Automobili in Sant'Agata Bolognese near Bologna. The company entered the sports car sector with the 350 GTV. However, the legend began with the Miura, the first mid-engined “super sports car”, which originated from a passion for the world of motorsport. It was succeeded by the no less spectacular Espada, Countach und Diablo models. The successor to the Diablo, the Murciélago, was shown to the public at the 2001 German Motor Show (the ‘IAA') in Frankfurt, the Gallardo in 2003 (Geneva) and the Murcièlago Roadster in 2004.



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